As the Civil war raged in 1864, the US Mint dealt with shortages of Precious Metals, including the metals used for the Cent, Copper-Nickel. When the Mint ran out of One-Cent coins, President Lincoln signed the Coinage Act of 1864, which made base metal coins legal tender and authorized a Two-Cent piece.
There were a total of four different Liberty Cap cent varieties for 1793. In 1794 there were 56 varieties in addition to several that are so rare they are considered “Non-Collectible.” There were 8 varieties of the 1795-dated coins. Coins of May to June 1796 were struck from dies cut by Robert Scot.
The Three Cent Silver is a bit of an unusual coin. Not only is the denomination different, but unlike most coins we have reviewed up to now, but the Three Cent Silver also does not offer a depiction of Mis Liberty or have its denomination within a wreath on the reverse.
Late in 1835, it was decided that the long-running Matron Head Large Cent needed some minor design changes. Designer of the Matron Head Large Cent, Robert Scot died in 1823. The Mint let his design run unchanged until then.
The American public had made their disdain for the first U.S. coins abundantly clear since they were introduced in 1793. The Mint Director asked Robert Reich to try his hand at designing once more, and Reich designed the Matron Head Large Cent coin.