Sign In or Create Account

Knowledge Center

How Much Does It Cost to Produce Current Circulating U.S. Coins? 

Some current U.S. coins have a cost associated with production that is greater than their face value. These are somewhat offset by coins that have a production cost below their face value per coin. This information is provided by the annual United States Mint report on the costs of minting circulating coins. 

When the cost is lower than the exchange value, profit can be realized by minting and issuing coinage. Some coins have production costs greater than others. Can you guess which one is the most expensive to make? 

Seigniorage by Coin Type and Per Dollar in 2023  

Overall, the seigniorage per dollar issued across all denominations of circulating coins from the U.S. Mint was $0.26, a 4-cent decrease from 2022.  

Coin Type Cost Per Coin Total Seigniorage Seigniorage per $1 Issued 
Cent $0.0307 $86 Million $2.08 
Nickel $0.1154 $92.6 Million $1.31 
Dime $0.0530 $125.5 Million $0.47 
Quarter $0.1163 $304 Million $0.53 
Half Dollar $0.2598 $4.3 Million $0.48 

These costs cover everything from raw materials to facility costs, minting labor, and other direct costs. The cost of maintaining the intricate machinery and wages for skilled labor necessary to mint coins are also represented in these figures. 

The raw material costs fluctuate based on market prices. The metals required to produce these coins are predominantly copper and nickel, although the cent is made from a copper coated zinc planchet. 

What was the Total Seigniorage for 2023? 

The total seigniorage reported by the United States Mint in 2023 was $249 million. That number is a 19.7% reduction from the previous year due to lower quarter, dime, and nickel volumes. In 2022, the Mint reported $310.2 million in seigniorage, which is the difference between production costs associated with producing a given currency and its face value. Those numbers are far under the operating budget of the U.S. Mint, which had a $3.4 billion budget in 2023. 

What About Dollar Coins? 

Although modern issues of dollar coins circulate with other current coins, they are not strictly considered circulation coinage or reported on in the same metrics as the cent through the half dollar.  

A full breakdown of coins and currency would reveal that one-dollar bank notes cost $0.054 to produce. While that is almost half of the cost associated with producing one-dollar coins, the lifespans vary significantly. One-dollar coins have an average lifespan of 30 years, and one-dollar notes have an average lifespan of 6.6 years. 

Revenue By Coin Type in 2023 

Determining the revenue by coin type is paramount for an informed and accurate representation of cost breakdowns by fiscal year. All circulating coins issued in 2023 represent about $14.5 billion. The U.S. Mint issues financial costs and earnings reports annually. 

Coin Type Revenue 
Cent $41.4 Million 
Nickel $70.8 Million 
Dime $266.6 Million 
Quarter $568.4 Million 
Half Dollar $8.9 Million 

Circulating Coinage Total Revenue by Year 

Year Revenue 
2019 $798.1 Million 
2020 $1.1685 Billion 
2021 $1.0440 Billion 
2022 $1.0207 Billion 
2023 $956.1 Million 

Revenue and Net Earnings by Bullion Coins 

What about coins like Silver, Gold, and Platinum American Eagles? These costs will differ as the raw materials required to produce bullion coins carry a higher premium, which is built into the price per coin. 

Coin Type Revenue Net Income 
Silver American Eagle $548.5 Million $16 Million 
Gold American Eagle $1,965.1 Million $41.9 Million 
Platinum American Eagle $14.3 Million $4.6 Million 
Gold Buffalo $738.1 Million $16.2 Million 

Quick Guides to Investing

Step 1:

Why Buy Physical Gold and Silver?

If you are concerned about the volatility of the stock market, you’re not alone. The extreme highs and lows of the stock market often lead investors towards safe-haven assets, like bullion. Historically, the Precious Metals market has an inverse relationship with the stock market, meaning that when stocks are up, bullion is down and vice versa.

Step 2:

How Much Gold and Silver Should You Have?

This question is one of the most important for investors to answer. After all, experts suggest limits on how much of any types of investments should go into a portfolio. After deciding to purchase and own Precious Metals and considering how much money to allocate, one can then think about how much and what to buy at any point in time.

Step 3:

Which Precious Metals Should I Buy?

With the frequent changes in the market and countless Precious Metal products available, choosing investments can be difficult. Some want Gold or Silver coins, rounds or bars while others want products that are valuable because of their design, mintage or other collectible qualities. Also, collectors may shop for unique sets and individual pieces for their collections.

Step 4:

When to Buy Gold & Silver

After considering why, how much, and what Precious Metals products to buy, an investor’s next step is when to buy them. This decision requires an understanding of market trends and the impact of economic factors on precious metal prices.

Explore More On APMEX



Rare Coins