Sign In or Create Account

Knowledge Center

American Gold Eagles or Gold Buffalos? Which is a Better Buy in 2024?

American Gold Buffalo and an American Gold Eagle.

American Gold Eagles are gold coins produced by the United States Mint. They are available in four sizes: 1 ounce, 1/2 ounce, 1/4 ounce, and 1/10 ounce. The coins are made of gold alloy that consists of 91.67% gold, 3% silver, and 5.33% copper, and they are considered legal tender in the United States, with a face value of $50, $25, $10, and $5, respectively.

Gold Eagles are popular with investors and collectors due to their gold content, historical significance, and the backing of the United States government. The coins are also widely recognized and accepted around the world.

As for why you might choose to buy a Gold Eagle over a Gold Buffalo, there are several factors to consider. One reason might be that Gold Eagles have a longer history and are more widely recognized and accepted than Gold Buffalos. Gold Eagles have been produced by the United States Mint since 1986, while Gold Buffalos were first minted in 2006.

Gold Eagles vs Gold Buffalos Specifications Compared 

 Gold Eagles 1-oz Gold Buffalos 1-oz 
First Year Minted 1986 2006 
Purity .9167 .9999 
Metal Content 1 troy oz 1 troy oz 
Thickness 2.87 mm 2.95 mm 
Diameter 32.7 mm 32.7 mm 
Denomination $50 $50 
Fractional Sizes Yes 2008 Only 
IRA Eligible Yes Yes 
Backed By U.S. Mint U.S. Government 
Chart comparing the American Gold Eagle and Gold Buffalos. 


Another factor to consider is the gold content and purity of the coins. U.S. Mint Gold Eagles are made of gold alloy that consists of 91.67% gold, while Gold Buffalos are made of pure 24-karat gold. Some investors may prefer the purity of Gold Buffalos, while others may prefer the gold alloy of Gold Eagles for its durability and resistance to wear.


The premium, or price above the spot price of gold, for Gold Eagles and Gold Buffalos can also vary. The premium for Gold Eagles may be higher due to their longer history, wider recognition, and the backing of the United States government. However, the premium for Gold Buffalos may also be influenced by a variety of factors, including supply and demand, market conditions, and the costs associated with producing the coins.

Gold Eagles vs Gold Buffalos: Eagles Win in One Key Area

Video: If you’re looking at gold coins for your portfolio or collection, you may find yourself choosing between the Gold Eagle and the Gold Buffalo—it’s hard to know which coin is right for you. In this video, we look at design, purity, size, liquidity, spread, and more to help you decide between two of the U.S. Mint’s most popular bullion coins

Ultimately, the decision to buy a Gold Eagle or a Gold Buffalo (or any other type of gold investment) should be based on your investment goals, risk tolerance, and the specific characteristics and costs of the coins. It’s important to do your own research and carefully consider all of these factors before making any investment decisions. You may also want to seek the advice of a financial advisor or professional.

Explore More On APMEX



Rare Coins