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How to Sell American Buffalo Gold Coins 

The American Buffalo gold coin, a cherished asset among precious metal enthusiasts, embodies a blend of United States history and investment value. The U.S. Mint produces these coins using .9999 fine gold, which investors seek for their purity, artistic design, and representation of American heritage.  

As an investor or collector, you may require knowledge of how to sell American Buffalo gold coins. Navigating the selling process demands understanding the coin’s market value, the best places to sell Gold Buffalo coins, and more to ensure satisfying transactions.  

American Buffalo Gold Coin 

The American Buffalo gold coin has a rich history rooted in the nation’s pursuit of high-purity gold coins. Enacted by the Presidential $1 Coin Act of 2005, the American Gold Buffalo boasts a gold content of .9999 fine gold, making it among the purest gold coins issued by the U.S. Mint. 

The American Buffalo gold coin design pays homage to the classic Buffalo Nickel, initially created by James Earle Fraser in 1913. The coin features the iconic Native American profile on one side and the American bison on the reverse. This coin represents a connection to America’s past and the Mint’s commitment to producing gold coins of exceptional purity and design.  

Since its inception, the Gold Buffalo has been one of the most popular gold bullion coins investors want in their portfolios. Collectors love the purity, design, and opportunity for proof and burnished options that appreciate over time. 

American Gold Buffalo 
First Year Minted 2006 
Location Minted United States Mint at West Point 
Obverse Design Profile of Native American by James Earle Fraser 
Reverse Design Black Diamond Buffalo by James Earle Fraser 
Gold Content One troy ounce of .9999 fine gold 
Weight 1.0001 troy ounce (31.108 g) 
Diameter 32.7 mm 
Thickness 2.95 mm 
Special Editions Proof, Burnished, Fractional (2008 only) 
Table showing the specification of the American Buffalo gold coin

Preparing to Sell American Buffalo Gold Coins 

When you decide to sell your American Buffalo gold coins, follow these key steps to ensure you’re well-prepared for a successful transaction. Preparation requires knowing your coin’s worth and its place in the market. Presenting your assets accurately to potential buyers can differentiate between a profitable or disappointing transaction.  

Assess Melt Value  

The value of American Buffalo gold coins can fluctuate based on numerous factors, including the current gold price, the coin’s condition, and its rarity. To get the initial value, you’ll want to acquire the melt price of your Gold Buffalo. The melt price of a coin is the intrinsic value of its metal content if you melt the coin. 

Melt Price = Metal Price/Ounce x Weight of the Coin in Ounces x Metal Purity 

For the Gold Buffalo, it is the same as the current spot price of gold because a Gold Buffalo contains precisely one troy ounce of pure gold.  

Gold Buffalo Melt Price = Gold Price/Ounce x 1.0001 Troy Ounce x .9999 (purity of coin) 

After finding the intrinsic value of the metal, you’ll move on to assessing the condition and authenticity. 

Condition and Authenticity 

The selling price of your American Buffalo gold coin is more than just the value of gold it contains. Its overall condition will affect your potential profit. Begin by examining the physical condition of your coin. Look for signs of wear, scratches, or other marks that could affect its value. A coin in pristine condition often fetches a higher price. 

Next, you’ll want to confirm its authenticity. There are ways to test your gold to confirm it is real, not a counterfeit Gold Buffalo. Whether you test it at home or have a professional do it, make sure it is authentic before trying to sell it. Selling a fake Gold Buffalo is an easy way to get exiled from the numismatic community. Getting your Gold Buffalo graded by a third-party grading service is an excellent way to prove its authenticity and establish a graded condition on the coin.  

Research the Market 

Stay informed about the current gold prices and how they influence the value of your coins. Research recent sales of similar coins to get an idea of what buyers are willing to pay. The type and rarity of your coins also impact the money you can make when you sell American Buffalo gold coins.   

Different Types of American Buffalo Gold Coins 

There are types of American Gold Buffalo coins that fetch a higher premium than the standard bullion coins. Understanding the market surrounding proofs, certified Buffalos, or fractional Buffalos can increase the money you make when you sell American Buffalo gold coins.  

  • Proof American Buffalo Gold Coins: Proof American Buffalo gold coins are distinguished by their specialized minting process, which gives them a striking, mirror-like finish. Proof coins are often minted in limited quantities and are sought after by collectors for their aesthetic appeal and rarity. As a result, these versions of the American Buffalo gold coins command a higher premium in the market, making them potentially more profitable for sellers. 
  • Fractional American Buffalo Gold Coins: While the standard American Buffalo gold coin is minted in a one-troy-ounce size, fractional versions were minted in 2008. These fractional Gold Buffalo coins come in ½, ¼, and 1/10 troy ounce sizes. Collectors pursue these fractional gold coins due to their rarity and limited mintage. Usually, fractional gold allows investors with a smaller budget to invest in gold, but the fractional Gold Buffalos carry a hefty premium since they were only produced for one year. Selling fractional Gold Buffalo coins can net you a great profit. They were minted in proof and burnished finishes for gold bullion collectors.  
  • Certified American Buffalo Gold Coins: Certified American Buffalo gold coins have been evaluated and graded by reputable third-party grading services, such as NGC or PCGS. These certifications confirm the coin’s authenticity, purity, and condition, adding a layer of trust and value. Certified coins often have higher premiums than their non-certified counterparts, as collectors and investors are willing to pay a premium for the assurance of quality and authenticity of the certification. 


Documentation can play a crucial role in the selling process. Original packaging, certificates of authenticity, and any appraisal or grading reports can add value to your coin and make it more attractive to buyers.  

Keeping the original packaging intact proves the coin’s authenticity and indicates careful preservation, which is crucial for limited-edition or special-release coins. Certificates of Authenticity, issued by the mint or the issuing authority, provide vital information about the coin’s legitimacy and specifics, instilling confidence in potential buyers. Furthermore, coins that have undergone appraisal or grading carry an added value. Grading by esteemed institutions like the Numismatic Guaranty Corporation (NGC) or the Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS) assigns a standardized quality grade to the coin, increasing its market value.  

Having and presenting these documents when selling your coin not only assures transparency but also significantly bolsters the trust and interest of prospective buyers, facilitating a smoother transaction. 

With these steps completed, you’ll be better positioned to enter the market confidently and make informed decisions about where and how to sell your American Buffalo Gold Coins. 

Where to Sell American Buffalo Gold Coins 

Deciding where to sell your American Buffalo gold coins is the next step in the selling process. Each platform or venue comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here’s a look at some of the most common places to sell coins. 

Local Coin Shop 

Selling your coins at a local coin store can be a quick and straightforward option. These establishments typically have knowledgeable staff who can assess your coin’s value and make an immediate offer. The advantages here are the personal interaction and the ability to negotiate face-to-face. However, you might make less money than online or by selling to a collector.  

Online Marketplace 

Online platforms such as eBay or specialized coin auction sites offer a wider audience and potentially higher prices. Presenting your coin well with high-quality photos and detailed descriptions is key. Be aware of the fees and shipping costs involved to maximize your profits. 

Collectors or Investors 

Selling directly to collectors or investors can be lucrative, as these buyers may be willing to pay more for specific coins. Engaging with coin-collecting forums, attending coin shows, or joining groups can help you connect with serious buyers. This route requires more effort but can result in a higher return. 

Sell to APMEX 

APMEX buys American Buffalo gold coins. Selling your Gold Buffalos to a reputable dealer like APMEX is easy and fast. You can get an expert quote online and simple shipping instructions, allowing you to sell your coins hassle-free.  

Each avenue has its benefits and challenges. Your choice will depend on how quickly you want to sell, the effort you’re willing to invest, and the return you hope to achieve. 

Steps to Sell American Buffalo Gold Coins 

Selling American Buffalo Gold Coins requires a clear understanding of the process, especially when dealing with diverse types of buyers. Here, we outline the steps for selling to local coin shops, online, and directly to collectors or investors. 

Steps to Selling to a Local Coin Shop 

  1. Research Local Shops: Start by identifying reputable coin shops in your area. Look for shops with good reviews and a strong presence in the community. 
  1. Prepare and Present Your Coins: Ensure your American Buffalo gold coins are presentable. Showing your coins to a shop owner or buyer should highlight any special features or unique aspects of your Gold Buffalo coins.  
  1. Negotiate the Price: Be prepared to discuss the price. Knowing your coin’s worth and the current market conditions will give you the upper hand in negotiations. 
  1. Complete the Sale: Once you agree on a price, you’ll typically receive payment immediately. Make sure to get a receipt for the transaction. 

Steps to Selling Online 

  1. Choose a Platform: Select an online marketplace or auction site that caters to coin collectors. Each site may have different reaches, fees, features, or more. Select one that has a potential audience with knowledge about Gold Buffalo coins. You must create an account with the platform before listing your coins.  
  1. Create an Attractive Listing: Create a listing with high-quality photos and a coin description. Be honest about the condition and highlight unique features. Set a price per your market research about your specific coin or coins.  
  1. Communicate with Potential Buyers: Be responsive to questions from interested parties. Good communication can lead to better offers. 
  1. Arrange Payment and Shipping: Once sold, ensure the payment is secured before shipping. Use insured and trackable shipping methods for safety. 
  1. Keep Accurate Records: The final step after the sale is to make sure you have accurate paperwork about the transaction for your records. These documents will help you when it is time to pay taxes.  

Steps to Selling to Collectors or Investors 

  1. Network with Collectors: Engage with coin-collecting communities online and in person. Attend coin shows and join relevant forums. 
  1. Present Your Coins: Showcase your coin attractively, highlighting its unique features and historical significance. 
  1. Negotiate Privately: When a collector or investor shows interest, discuss the price privately. Be open to negotiation but know your coin’s bottom-line value. 
  1. Complete the Deal: Once you strike a deal, use a secure payment method, and obtain or provide proper documentation. Then, all that is left is to transfer ownership of your American Buffalo gold coins to their new owner! 

Steps to Selling to APMEX 

  1. Contact Us: Reach out to APMEX with information regarding your American Buffalo gold coins. Mention key details such as the mint year, current state, existing certifications, and the total number of coins. 
  1. Get a Price Quote: Based on the prevailing market rates for gold and the specifics you have shared, APMEX will provide you with an estimated price for your coins. 
  1. Ship the Coins: Securely wrap your American Buffalo gold coins for safe delivery to APMEX. Make sure they are well-enclosed to preserve their condition throughout the journey. 
  1. Professional Verification: APMEX’s expert team will inspect the authenticity and state of your gold coins upon their arrival. 
  1. Complete the Deal: APMEX will complete the sale after the authentication is confirmed. You will receive payment and official paperwork that verifies the transaction details. 

Paying Taxes After You Sell American Buffalo Gold Coins 

When you sell American Buffalo Gold Coins for a profit, it’s essential to understand the tax implications. The sale of these coins can be subject to capital gains tax, depending on how long you’ve held them and the profit you’ve made. 

Understanding Capital Gains Tax 

  • Short-Term vs. Long-Term: If you’ve held the coins for less than a year before selling, any profit is considered a short-term capital gain, taxed as ordinary income. Coins held for over a year are subject to long-term capital gains tax.  
  • Calculating Your Gain: To determine your gain, subtract the purchase price of the coin, including any associated acquisition costs, from the selling price. 
  • Reporting to the IRS: You must report these gains on your tax return. If you experience a capital loss, you can use it to offset other capital gains, so keep track of everything. It’s advisable to keep detailed records of your transactions, purchase and sale dates, prices, and expenses. 

Seeking Professional Advice 

Given the complexities of tax laws, it’s often wise to consult with a tax professional, especially for large or frequent transactions. They can provide guidance tailored to your specific situation and help ensure compliance with tax regulations. 

Selling precious metals can be a lucrative endeavor, but staying informed about your tax responsibilities is essential to avoid any surprises during tax season. 

Maximizing Profit and Ensuring a Good Experience 

Successfully selling American Buffalo Gold Coins isn’t just about making a profit; it’s also about ensuring a smooth and satisfying experience. Here are some key tips to help you maximize your returns and enjoy the process. 

  • Stay Informed: Continuously educate yourself about the gold market and collector trends. Being knowledgeable helps in making informed decisions and spotting good opportunities. 
  • Timing the Market: While predicting the market is challenging, selling when gold prices are high can significantly increase your profit. 
  • Maintaining Your Coins: Properly store and handle your coins to preserve their condition. Coins in better condition generally sell for higher prices. 
  • Building Relationships: Develop relationships with buyers, especially if you plan to sell more coins. Repeat business with trusted collectors or investors can be rewarding. 
  • Seek Expert Opinions: If you need clarification on your coin’s value or the best time to sell, consult experts or financial advisors. 
  • Verify Legitimacy: Make sure the buyer is legitimate. Sell only at reputable coin stores or online platforms to avoid scams.  

By following these strategies, you can ensure that selling your American Buffalo Gold Coins is a profitable, positive, and enriching experience. 

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